Build Linux on a Windows environment. Steps to install Laradock and migrate

Development environment

Laravel 7.20.0 PHP 7.4 MYSQL 8.0.21 Windows version 2004

The general flow of the whole

--Introduction of Ubuntu --Updated / introduced to WSL2 --docker installation --Laradock introduced

Goal of this article

The goal of this article is to build a Linux environment using WSL2 on a Windows environment, install Laradock, and display the screen + Migration.

First of all, from the preparation for Ubuntu introduction

Update Windows to the latest state (download at the URL below)

Change from PC settings to developer mode

• Select "Settings (start button gear icon)"-"Update and Security"-"For Developers" • Select "Developer Mode" in the "Use Developer Features" column to enable it

Enable Subsystem for Linux with additional features

• Select "Control Panel"-"Programs"-"Turn Windows features on or off" • Check "Windows Subsystem for Linux (Beta)" from the list.

For windows version 2004, the notation has been changed to "Windows subsystem for Linux", so please enable it.

PC restart

Ubuntu installation

Ubuntu is one of the Linux distributions and is provided as free software

Install ubunntu at Microsoft store.

Type bash at the command prompt. (Successful if you can log in to Ubuntu)

Next, update the state of Ubuntu.

$ sudo apt-get update
$ sudo apt-get dist-upgrade
$ sudo apt-get autoremove

Get Git and PHP

If you install normally, an old version of Git will be installed, so add a repository to get the latest version.

Execute the following command.

$ sudo apt-get install build-essential
$ sudo add-apt-repository ppa:git-core/ppa
$ sudo apt-get update
$ sudo apt-get install git
 $ git --version // OK if it's up to date
git version 2.28.0


$sudo apt-get install php7.4 php7.4-fpm php7.4-mysql php7.4-mbstring php7.4-gd
 $ php -v // Check if the specified version is installed
PHP 7.4.3 (cli) (built: May 26 2020 12:24:22) ( NTS )
Copyright (c) The PHP Group
Zend Engine v3.4.0, Copyright (c) Zend Technologies
    with Zend OPcache v7.4.3, Copyright (c), by Zend Technologies

Preparation for WSL2

WSL2 is a "real Linux environment" where the Linux kernel runs

Execute the following command by "Run as administrator" in "Windows PowerShell" in "Windows PowerShell"
PS C:\>dism.exe /online /enable-feature /featurename:Microsoft-Windows-Subsystem-Linux /all /norestart

PS C:\>dism.exe /online /enable-feature /featurename:VirtualMachinePlatform /all /norestart

Restart your PC

Check version

C:¥> ver
Microsoft Windows [Version 10.0.19041.84]

Make sure the version is 10.0.18917 or higher

Execute the following command to set the default to WSL2.

C:¥> wsl --set-version ubuntu 2

Check if it has switched to WSL2.

C:¥> wsl -l -v
* Ubuntu   Stopped    2

Since WSL2 has been introduced, preparations for building Docker are complete.

Docker installation

What is Docker? An open source containerization technology that enables you to create and use Linux containers.

Install Docker Desktop Edge from the URL below

PC restart

After restarting, select "setting" from the docker icon on the taskbar Check "Enable the experimental WSL2 based engine" and click "Appli & Restart"

OK when notification is displayed after restarting

Then click "Enable WSL Integration" in WSL Integration of Resources

Select "Ubuntu" and click "Appli & Restart"

Docker operation check

C:\Users\magic>wsl -d ubuntu
$ docker -v
Docker version 19.03.5, build 633a0ea838

Success if Hello World is displayed

$ docker run hello-world
To run a command as administrator (user "root"), use "sudo ".
See "man sudo_root" for details.

Hello from Docker!

Introducing Laradock

Provides the packages you need for your production environment. It's like a finer division of Homestead


I want to manage it in 1 project and 1 repository including Laradock, so it has the following configuration.

 ├ app // laravel directory
 │  ├  app
 │  │ bootstrap
 │ └ .env
 └ Laradock

Git clone Laradock

$git clone

Copy the configuration file (env-exampl) to generate .env

$ cd laradock
$ cp env-example .env

Edit the copied env (Laradock.env) file

Specify the project you want to specify

 APP_CODE_PATH_HOST = ../project name /  
#### Specify the data storage directory
+ DATA_PATH_HOST=.laradock/data

Project name setting

When creating multiple projects using laradock, if the project name is the same, the container image with the same name created in the past will be overwritten, so set a name that does not cover


MYSQL settings

MySQL seems to have changed the password generation method in 8 series and can not be operated from Laravel, so add the following description.

Add the following to <project_dir> /lardock/mysqmy.cnf

 // Add to the [mysqld] area (at the bottom by default)

Laravel.env settings

Change the DB settings according to

  • DB_HOST specifies the name inside the container written in docker-compose.yml.
 DB_HOST = mysql (I think it is 127.001 if it already exists, so modify it to mysql)

Launch Laradock

Start laradock with the following command. Specify the middleware you want to start in the argument

If the project does not exist, it will be created with root privileges, so be sure to start it in the created state.

$ docker-compose up -d nginx mysql workspace

Start confirmation

$ docker-compose ps

Install Laravel from inside Docker container

How to install laravel from inside docker container and settings.

Enter the Workspace container with the following command.

  • Specify the user with the user option.
$ docker-compose exec --user=laradock workspace /bin/bash

Install Laravel by doing the following in the container.

/var/www$ composer create-project --prefer-dist laravel/laravel .

Check the operation when the installation is completed. (* 3306 If you are using port elsewhere, port conflicts, so please terminate the port with task manager etc.)

Access http: // localhost with a browser on the Windows side.

Installation is complete when the screen is displayed

Confirm migration Let's check with migration whether the MySQL settings are complete.

Success if the table is created in the DB as shown below

/var/www$ php artisan migrate

Migration table created successfully.
Migrating: 2014_10_19_000000_create_users_table
Migrated:  2014_10_19_000000_create_users_table (0.36 seconds)
Migrating: 2014_10_19_100000_create_password_resets_table
Migrated:  2014_10_19_100000_create_password_resets_table (0.35 seconds)
Migrating: 2019_10_19_000000_create_failed_jobs_table
Migrated:  2019_10_19_000000_create_failed_jobs_table (0.1 seconds)

At the end

This time I posted an article about the flow of introducing Laradock in a Windows environment.

Also, it's been a year since I started programming next month, and my knowledge has deepened from the beginning, so I'll publish technical articles little by little from now on. Thank you m (._.) M

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