# [Python] How to convert a 2D list to a 1D list

Sometimes you want to convert a 2D list to a 1D list in Python. It can be converted in one line by using the `sum` function.

If you don't know it, you won't know what you're doing at first glance, but it's surprisingly convenient to use. If you want to convert a 3D list to a 1D list, you can use the `sum` function twice.

``````x = [[1, 2], [3, 4]]
x = sum(x, [])
print(x) # [1, 2, 3, 4]

y = [[[1, 2], [3, 4]], [[5, 6], [7, 8]]]
y = sum(sum(y, []), [])
print(y) # [1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8]
``````

Use itertools.chain.from_iterable () for speed. This is faster than using the `sum` function.

``````import itertools
x = [[1, 2], [3, 4]]
x = itertools.chain.from_iterable(x)
print(list(x)) # [1, 2, 3, 4]

y = [[[1, 2], [3, 4]], [[5, 6], [7, 8]]]
y = itertools.chain.from_iterable(list(itertools.chain.from_iterable(y)))
print(list(y)) # [1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8]
``````

In addition to the above, you can also create your own function. It does not depend on the number of dimensions in the list, so it is recommended when handling data with various dimensions.

https://stackoverflow.com/questions/2158395/flatten-an-irregular-list-of-lists