[Linux] [Initial Settings] Getting Started



--BUFFALO US keyboard (1300 yen) ――It's really unreliable for those who use expensive keyboards

Swap Caps and Ctrl

Actually, there was a way not to use xmodmap! Its name is ** localectl **!!!!!!!!! Win with this guy!

Setting example of US keyboard layout

localectl --no-convert set-x11-keymap us pc105 "" ctrl:swapcaps   

Directory name written in English

LANG=C xdg-user-dirs-gtk-update

Log out here!

Reflect the above changes

Change software source

--Japan Advanced Institute of Science and Technology (ftp.jaist.ac.jp) --RIKEN (ftp.riken.jp) --WIDE project (ftp.tsukuba.wide.ad.jp) --Yamagata University (linux.yz.yamagata-u.ac.jp) --Fairway Co., Ltd. (mirror.fairway.ne.jp) --Assist Co., Ltd. (ubuntu-ashisuto.ubuntulinux.jp)

Automatic update settings

Panel software and updates Right-click and set


--List update 2 hours --List update interval 1 day



--Automatic update OFF --Automatic maintenance OFF

Full Japanese localization of the app

sudo add-apt-repository -y ppa:sicklylife/ppa
sudo apt update
sudo apt upgrade

Gravo driver

Radeon It's difficult because there is information that open source drivers are more stable than proprietary (private source) drivers.



tar -xJvf amdgpu-pro_*.tar.xz
cd amdgpu-pro-*
./amdgpu-pro-install -y


sudo amdgpu-pro-uninstall

Open Source

Driver check

inxi -Gx

You can check the driver in the item of GLX Renderer --Proprietary: AMD Radeon --Open Source: Gallium (There is also a GLX Version item)


Find & install driver

Find driver

$ sudo apt search nvidia-driver

p   nvidia-driver-390                                 - NVIDIA driver metapackage
p   nvidia-driver-390:i386                            - NVIDIA driver metapackage
p   nvidia-driver-418                                 - Transitional package for nvidia-driver-430
p   nvidia-driver-430                                 - Transitional package for nvidia-driver-440
p   nvidia-driver-435                                 - NVIDIA driver metapackage
p   nvidia-driver-440                                 - NVIDIA driver metapackage
v   nvidia-driver-binary                              -
v   nvidia-driver-binary:i386   

Install driver

sudo apt install nvidia-driver-440

Graphic board fan control

★ Arch Wiki ★ https://wiki.archlinux.jp/index.php/NVIDIA/%E3%83%92%E3%83%B3%E3%83%88%E3%81%A8%E3%83%86%E3%82%AF%E3%83%8B%E3%83%83%E3%82%AF

Check GPU information with CLI

hwinfo --gfxcard --short
sudo lshw -C display

Check GPU temperature and fan speed with GUI

Install psensor

sudo apt install psensor

Fan control

CPU fan

When the CPU fan is 0 rpm

★ I referred to this ★ https://github.com/lm-sensors/lm-sensors/issues/134#issuecomment-513506723

The solution is to change the Linux boot settings. Add ʻacpi_enforce_resources = lax after quiet splash`.


GRUB_CMDLINE_LINUX_DEFAULT="quiet splash acpi_enforce_resources=lax"

Apply settings and restart

sudo update-grub

Confirm again


About CPU fan control

★ Arch Wiki ★ https://wiki.archlinux.jp/index.php/%E3%83%95%E3%82%A1%E3%83%B3%E3%82%B9%E3%83%94%E3%83%BC%E3%83%89%E5%88%B6%E5%BE%A1

Install fancontrol

sudo apt install fancontrol

Setting steps

  1. sensors
  2. When the module is not recognized in 1, do sudo sensors-detect to make the system recognize the information (module) of the motherboard. If 3.2 doesn't work, refer to the above article (when the CPU fan is 0 rpm).
  3. After completing the settings by doing sudo pwmconfig, the settings will be saved in/ etc / fancontrol.
  4. Run the service with sudo systemctl start fancontrol
  5. Check if fancontrol is running with `sudo systemctl status fancontrol
  6. Make the system start automatically (autostart at boot time) when the system is started with systemctl enable fancontrol.
  7. Place a shell in / lib / systemd / system-sleep / that restarts fancontrol after the return of suspend [[systemd] Workaround for the problem that fancontrol does not work when suspended](https: // qiita. com / osorezugoing / items / 3489cdf964a029cfe4df)

** Other *** --Stop automatic startup at boot with systemctl disable fan control --Edit / etc / fancontrol if you are not satisfied with the settings

GPU fan

--If the fan speed is fixed and OK, you can set it from nvidia-settings


I think Arch's Wiki approach is inevitable for beginners to stumble. I don't know this alone.

The recommended method is the next method I thought of ↓

Control using a shell

  1. Prepare a script
  2. Create a desktop file in / usr / share / applications 3.2 Copy the desktop file created in 2 to ~ / .config / autostart
  3. reboot or logout

See this article for details on how to do it [Linux ☓ Nvidia] Curve Control Fans

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