[LINUX] How to build a LAMP environment using Vagrant and VirtulBox Note

Aim to build a LAMP environment using Vagrant and VirtulBox.

Use MAC.

Software to prepare

All free software

・ VirtualBox ・ Vagrant

Virtual machine preparation

The L part of LAMP. First, add a CentOS 7 box.

console


$ vagrant box add centos/7

Since I am using virtualbox, select "3"

1) hyperv
2) libvirt
3) virtualbox
4) vmware_desktop

Enter your choice: 3

Check if the box for CentOS 7 is included.

console


$ vagrant box list
centos/7 (virtualbox, 1905.1)

console


$ vagrant box remove centos/7

Create a folder for the virtual machine and move it to the created folder.

console


$ mkdir CentOS/ 
$ cd CentOS/

Select the added box called centos / 7.

console


$ vagrant init centos/7
OK if Vagrantfile is created in the folder.

Comment out the following in the Vagrantfile.

Vagrantfile


config.vm.network "private_network", ip: "192.168.33.10"

Start virtual machine

Start a virtual machine

console


$ vagrant up

Check the status of the virtual machine. If it is running, it is running.

console


$ vagrant status

Current machine states:

default                   running (virtualbox)

Connect to virtual machine

console


$ vagrant ssh

OK if the command line looks like this.
[[email protected] ~]$

Now Linux is ready.

If you want to stop the virtual machine

You can stop the virtual machine with the halt command.

console


$ vagrant halt

If you want to delete a virtual machine

You can delete the virtual machine with the destroy command.

console


$ vagrant destroy

Switch to root user

console


$ sudo su

When returning to vagrant user

console


$ su vagrant

Install apache

Part A of the LAMP environment.

vagrant


$ sudo yum -y update
$ sudo yum -y install httpd
Check version
$ httpd -v
Server version: Apache/2.4.6 (CentOS)
Installation confirmation
$ rpm -qa | grep httpd

At this point, connect to the IP address and you should see the Apache test screen.

http://192.168.33.10/
「Testing 123..Is displayed.

If it does not appear, it may be due to the firewalld command. Stop firewalld with the following command, and then try reconnecting.

vagrant


$ sudo systemctl stop firewalld

Install MySQL

The M part of the LAMP environment.

vagrant


$ sudo yum install -y https://dev.mysql.com/get/mysql80-community-release-el7-1.noarch.rpm
$ sudo yum install -y mysql-community-server
$ sudo yum install -y mysql-devel
$ mysqld --version

Check the startup.

vagrant


Start-up
$ sudo systemctl start httpd.service
$ sudo systemctl start mysqld.service
Automatic start
$ sudo systemctl enable httpd.service
$ sudo systemctl enable mysqld.service
status check
$ sudo systemctl status httpd.service
$ sudo systemctl status mysqld.service
Start confirmation
$ ps aux | grep httpd
$ ps aux | grep mysqld

Install PHP

The P part of the LAMP environment.

vagrant


$ sudo yum -y install epel-release
$ sudo rpm -Uvh http://rpms.famillecollet.com/enterprise/remi-release-7.rpm
$ sudo yum -y install --enablerepo=remi,remi-php71 php php-devel php-mbstring php-pdo php-gd php-xml php-mcrypt
$ php --version

Visit website

Create index.html under html.

vagrant


$ cd /var/www/html
$ sudo vi index.html

index.html


<html>
<head></head>
<body>
        <h1>Hello World</h1>
</body>
</html>

At this point, if you connect to the IP address, you should see "Hello World".

http://192.168.33.10/

Make PHP compatible with Apache.

vagrant


$ sudo vi /etc/httpd/conf/httpd.conf

Add the following to httpd.conf.

  AddType application/x-httpd-php .php          //add to
  AddType application/x-httpd-php-source .phps  //add to

Add as follows.

httpd.conf


# If the AddEncoding directives above are commented-out, then you
# probably should define those extensions to indicate media types:
#
  AddType application/x-compress .Z
  AddType application/x-gzip .gz .tgz
  AddType application/x-httpd-php .php          //add to
  AddType application/x-httpd-php-source .phps  //add to

Create a php file.

vagrant


$ cd /var/www/html
$ sudo vi test.php

test.php


<html>
<head></head>
<body>
<?php
        echo('Hello World');
?>
</body>
</html>

If you connect to the IP address below and "Hello World" is displayed, it's OK.

http://192.168.33.10/test.php/

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