[LINUX] How to create an NVIDIA Docker environment


Note how to create an NVIDIA Docker environment as of November 4, 2020. Before I knew it, CUDA was not recognized, so I decided to re-install it from the driver.

[email protected]:~$nvidia-smi
Wed Nov  4 14:41:54 2020       
| NVIDIA-SMI 430.64       Driver Version: 430.64       CUDA Version: N/A      |
| GPU  Name        Persistence-M| Bus-Id        Disp.A | Volatile Uncorr. ECC |
| Fan  Temp  Perf  Pwr:Usage/Cap|         Memory-Usage | GPU-Util  Compute M. |
|   0  GeForce GTX 108...  Off  | 00000000:01:00.0  On |                  N/A |
|  0%   35C    P8    12W / 275W |     62MiB / 11175MiB |      0%      Default |
| Processes:                                                       GPU Memory |
|  GPU       PID   Type   Process name                             Usage      |
|    0      1609      G   /usr/lib/xorg/Xorg                            59MiB |

Erase the old environment

#Uninstall current CUDA
$ sudo apt purge cuda*
$ sudo apt purge nvidia-cuda-*
$ sudo apt purge libcuda*
#Completely deleted
$ sudo apt-get purge nvidia*
$ sudo apt-get autoremove
$ sudo apt-get autoclean
$ sudo rm -rf /usr/local/cuda*

Main subject

You can install CUDA, Docker, and nvidia-docker2 by following the 3 steps below. Until now, the Nvidia Driver was installed separately, but if you install CUDA, the corresponding driver will also be installed.

1. Install the latest CUDA driver

Install according to the CUDA Toolkit website (https://developer.nvidia.com/cuda-downloads?target_os=Linux&target_arch=x86_64&target_distro=Ubuntu&target_version=1604&target_type=debnetwork)

$ wget https://developer.download.nvidia.com/compute/cuda/repos/ubuntu1604/x86_64/cuda-ubuntu1604.pin
$ sudo mv cuda-ubuntu1604.pin /etc/apt/preferences.d/cuda-repository-pin-600
$ sudo apt-key adv --fetch-keys http://developer.download.nvidia.com/compute/cuda/repos/ubuntu1604/x86_64/7fa2af80.pub
$ sudo add-apt-repository "deb https://developer.download.nvidia.com/compute/cuda/repos/ubuntu1604/x86_64/ /"
$ sudo apt-get update
$ sudo apt-get -y install cuda #(* When specifying the version, cuda-10-Write like 2)

2. Install Docker

Install according to Docker official installation method

$ curl -fsSL https://get.docker.com -o get-docker.sh
$ sudo sh get-docker.sh

After installation, start docker service and set automatic start

$ sudo systemctl start docker && sudo systemctl enable docker

If you want the docker command to be executable without sudo, add the target user to the docker group as follows:

$ sudo usermod -aG docker $USER

3. Install the NVIDIA Container Toolkit (nvidia-docker2) package

Install according to Official installation method

$ distribution=$(. /etc/os-release;echo $ID$VERSION_ID) \
   && curl -s -L https://nvidia.github.io/nvidia-docker/gpgkey | sudo apt-key add - \
   && curl -s -L https://nvidia.github.io/nvidia-docker/$distribution/nvidia-docker.list | sudo tee /etc/apt/sources.list.d/nvidia-docker.list
$ sudo apt-get update
$ sudo apt-get install -y nvidia-docker2
$ sudo systemctl restart docker

After restarting, check the operation

$ sudo reboot
$ nvidia-smi

Complete when Nvidia Driver and CUDA Version are displayed.

Reference [What's going on with NVIDIA Docker now? (20.09 version)](https://medium.com/nvidiajapan/nvidia-docker-%E3%81%A3%E3%81%A6%E4%BB%8A%E3%81%A9%E3%81%86 % E3% 81% AA% E3% 81% A3% E3% 81% A6% E3% 82% 8B% E3% 81% AE-20-09-% E7% 89% 88-558fae883f44)

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