[PYTHON] How to check if a value exists in an enum

You want to use a constant when you want to have a value for a specific thing. When dealing with constants in Python, I personally think it's better to use ╩╗Enum` (enumeration type).

Isn't Python constant in the first place?

That's right. There is no strict constant, as any value can be overwritten depending on how you do it. But the official document says so.

Enumeration notation

from enum import Enum
class Hoge(Enum):
    ONE = 1
    TWO = 2
    THREE = 3

Enums and loops

Since the enumeration type is a set of identifiers, I think there are few cases where the value itself given to the identifier is meaningful. If it is a list type, it can be easily output with a for statement, but if it is an enumeration type, it requires some ingenuity in writing.

List type


>>> lst = [1, 2, 3]
>>> [l for l in lst]
[1, 2, 3]

Enum


>>> from enum import Enum
>>> class Hoge(Enum):
...     ONE = 1
...     TWO = 2
...     THREE = 3
...
>>> [v.value for n, v in Hoge.__members__.items()]
[1, 2, 3]

I think I can write if I come here

>>> from enum import Enum
>>> class Hoge(Enum):
...     ONE = 1
...     TWO = 2
...     THREE = 3
...
>>> [v.value for n, v in Hoge.__members__.items()]
[1, 2, 3]
>>> 1 in [v.value for n, v in Hoge.__members__.items()]
True

It's done. I don't know where to use it.

bonus

What's inside the enumerated __members__?

>>> Hoge.__members__
mappingproxy({
    'ONE': <Hoge.ONE: 1>,
    'TWO': <Hoge.TWO: 2>,
    'THREE': <Hoge.THREE: 3>
})

What is MappingProxyType? According to the official documentation

Read-only mapping proxy. Provides a dynamic view of mapping entries. This means that if the mapping changes, the view will reflect these changes.

I see(?) There is ╩╗items ()` in this proxy. It looks like a dictionary when you take a quick look.

Postscript

I was told that there is a simpler way of writing than @shiracamus.

>>> 1 in [e.value for e in Hoge]
True

Or

>>> any(e.value == 1 for e in Hoge)
True

It seems that you can write. Thank you! !! The first one is the level of why I didn't notice ...

I can get advice by writing an article, so I thought that output is important.

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