[PYTHON] Build jupyter notebook on remote server (CentOS)

Build jupyter notebook on remote server (CentOS)

Thing you want to do

――I want to do this and that of the company with Python --Operate GitLab (aggregate and post issues) --In addition to engineers, people who do not have a development environment also use it (managers and management people) ――This time, I will use a library collection called Anaconda.

OS Version

[root@XXX ~]# cat /etc/redhat-release 
CentOS Linux release 7.8.2003 (Core)

Installation of Anaconda

Anaconda Installer Download

--If you want to specify the version, you can select it from Repository.

[root@XXX tmp]# cd /tmp
[root@XXX tmp]# curl https://repo.anaconda.com/archive/Anaconda3-5.3.1-Linux-x86_64.sh -O


[root@XXX tmp]# bash ./Anaconda3-5.3.1-Linux-x86_64.sh 
--Interactive format excerpt below

Please, press ENTER to continue
>>> *Enter male

Do you approve the license terms? [yes|no]

Anaconda3 will now be installed into this location:

  - Press ENTER to confirm the location
  - Press CTRL-C to abort the installation
  - Or specify a different location below

[/root/anaconda3] >>> *Enter male

Do you wish the installer to initialize Anaconda3
in your /root/.bashrc ? [yes|no]
[no] >>> yes

read bashrc

[root@XXX tmp]# source ~/.bashrc

Anaconda Version Confirmation

[root@XXX tmp]# anaconda -V
anaconda Command line client (version 1.7.2)

install jupyter

--Already in jupyter when you put Anaconda --If you want to use it only locally, check the Path and then suddenly check the startup and OK.

Jupyter Vesion confirmation

[root@XXX tmp]# jupyter --version

Path confirmation

[root@XXX tmp]# jupyter --path

Allow access from non-local PCs (optional)

――The point is to start operation before a scary person asks, "Is this security okay?" (Digression) --If you have a sense of speed (?) (Digression) ――I think it's okay to tell the director appropriately, such as preparing a Web Page that collects statistics on GitLab issues (digression). --If you are worried, let's allow only a specific ip in the setting

passwd settings in ipython

--You will be asked for your password when you access it from your browser

--Pytnon's library for interactively hashing passwords

[root@XXX ~]# ipython
Python 3.7.0 (default, Jun 28 2018, 13:15:42) 
Type 'copyright', 'credits' or 'license' for more information
IPython 6.5.0 -- An enhanced Interactive Python. Type '?' for help.

In [1]: from notebook.auth import passwd

In [2]: passwd()
Enter password: 
Verify password: 

In [3]: exit

Create config file

--Created with cmd, but the contents are commented out, and if nothing is set, it will work by default (should) --Since there are many contents, if you want to make a simple setting file, you can create the following path file with touch and handwrite the setting.

[root@XXX tmp]# jupyter notebook --generate-config
Writing default config to: /root/.jupyter/jupyter_notebook_config.py

config file settings

--The following is described in /root/.jupyter/jupyter_notebook_config.py

c = get_config()
c.NotebookApp.ip = '*'
c.NotebookApp.open_browser = False
c.NotebookApp.port = 8888 #Defalt
c.NotebookApp.password = u'sha1:8e9f3XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX'
c.NotebookApp.notebook_dir = '/root/jupyter_files/'

Port open

--This and what you wrote in jupyter_notebook_config.py

[root@XXX ~]# firewall-cmd --add-port=8888/tcp --zone=public --permanent
[root@XXX ~]# firewall-cmd --add-service=http --zone=public --permanent
[root@XXX ~]# firewall-cmd --reload
[root@XXX ~]# firewall-cmd --list-ports --zone=public

Start confirmation

--Speaking jupyter notebook to complete

[root@XXX ~]# jupyter notebook 
#If you are logged in as root, you need the ↓ option
[root@XXX ~]# jupyter notebook --allow-root
[I 10:17:31.193 NotebookApp] JupyterLab extension loaded from /root/anaconda3/lib/python3.7/site-packages/jupyterlab
[I 10:17:31.194 NotebookApp] JupyterLab application directory is /root/anaconda3/share/jupyter/lab
[I 10:17:31.196 NotebookApp] Serving notebooks from local directory: /root/jupyter_files
[I 10:17:31.197 NotebookApp] The Jupyter Notebook is running at:
[I 10:17:31.197 NotebookApp] http://${hostname} or

--If connections from other hosts are not allowed, localhost will be displayed, so I suspect Typo (commandment). --The c.NotebookApp.ip ='*' in "jupyter_notebook_config.py" may become c.NoebookApp.ip ='*'

[I 10:17:31.197 NotebookApp] The Jupyter Notebook is running at:
[I 10:17:31.197 NotebookApp] http://localhost:8888/

Service registration

--If you leave the console closed or Ctrl + C, jupyter will also end, so run it as a service.

Unit definition file creation

[root@XXX ~]# touch /etc/systemd/system/notebook.service

Unit definition file editing

[root@XXX ~]# vi /etc/systemd/system/notebook.service

--ʻExecStart` command requires option for root --For details, refer to the startup confirmation section above.

Description = Jupyter Notebook

ExecStart=/root/anaconda3/bin/jupyter notebook    # `$ which jupyter`Confirm with
WorkingDirectory=/root   #Home directory of users who have installed Anaconda(Immediately after login`$pwd`) 
User=root   #Username that introduced Anaconda`$ id`
Group=root  #Group name to which the user who introduced Anaconda belongs

WantedBy = multi-user.target

Check if the Unit is registered

[root@XXX ~]# $ systemctl list-unit-files --type=service

Start as a service

[root@XXX ~]# systemctl start notebook 
#Start confirmation
[root@XXX ~]# systemctl status notebook
#Set to start automatically at startup
[root@XXX ~]# systemctl enable notebook


Reference when you cannot connect from the outside

-Is jupyter watching the port --Firewall settings and confirmation


-Basic settings -[Make it a service]([https://qiita.com/hiroseabook/items/1da01ea439b01c1eb48c#5-systemd-%E3%81%A7-jupyternotebook-%E3%82%92%E3%82%B5%E3% 83% BC% E3% 83% 93% E3% 82% B9% E5% 8C% 96% E3% 81% 99% E3% 82% 8B](https://qiita.com/hiroseabook/items/1da01ea439b01c1eb48c#5 -systemd-makes -jupyter notebook- a service))

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