[Linux] WSL2 Build an environment for laravel7 with Ubuntu 20.04

Development environment

-Host OS: windows10 Home Insider Preview ・ Guest OS: wsl2 Ubuntu 20.04

Environment to be built this time

・ Php 7.4.7 ・ Composer version 1.10.7 ・ Laravel Framework 7.16.1


① Install php7.4 ② Install the php extension required to install laravel ③ Install composer ④ Install laravel & create a project

① Install php7.4

Execute the following command.

1: Check for package updates

$ sudo apt update 

2: Install the software-properties-common package.

$ sudo apt install software-properties-common

I want to add a repository in step 3, but by default the command to add a repository is not installed. The packages installed here are for adding repositories.

3: Add repository

$ sudo add-apt-repository ppa:ondrej/php

4: Update the package again. (① Same procedure)

5: Install PHP

$ sudo apt install php7.4

After checking the version, if the following is displayed, the installation is complete.

$ php -v

PHP 7.4.7 (cli) (built: Jun 12 2020 07:44:38) ( NTS )
Copyright (c) The PHP Group
Zend Engine v3.4.0, Copyright (c) Zend Technologies
    with Zend OPcache v7.4.7, Copyright (c), by Zend Technologies

For the time being, check the installation location of php.

$ which php

② Install the php extension required to install laravel

According to laravel official website, the following modules (packages that provide extensions) are required to use laravel.

BCMath PHP Extension Ctype PHP Extension Fileinfo PHP extension JSON PHP Extension Mbstring PHP Extension OpenSSL PHP Extension PDO PHP Extension Tokenizer PHP Extension XML PHP Extension

You can check the installed modules with the following command.

php -m

By default, BCMath, Mbstring and XML are not installed. In addition, zip is required when executing the installer command of laravel with Composer, so install it with the following command together with these.

sudo apt install php7.4-bcmath php7.4-mbstring php7.4-xml php7.4-zip

** If you do not add "php (installed php version)-" at the beginning of the package name, it will cause an error. It's easy to forget, so be careful. ** **

Run php -m again to see if the module was installed successfully.

[PHP Modules]

[Zend Modules]
Zend OPcache

(Other modules are displayed, but this time they are omitted.)

③ Install Composer

Copy and paste the command described in Composer official website download page.

php -r "copy('https://getcomposer.org/installer', 'composer-setup.php');"
php -r "if (hash_file('sha384', 'composer-setup.php') === 'e0012edf3e80b6978849f5eff0d4b4e4c79ff1609dd1e613307e16318854d24ae64f26d17af3ef0bf7cfb710ca74755a') { echo 'Installer verified'; } else { echo 'Installer corrupt'; unlink('composer-setup.php'); } echo PHP_EOL;"
php composer-setup.php
php -r "unlink('composer-setup.php');"

(The command spans multiple lines, but you can copy and paste them all at once.)

Composer will be installed in the current directory, but move it to a directory in your path.

sudo mv  composer.phar /usr/local/bin/composer

For those unfamiliar with Linux commands, the above command 1: Change the location of composer.phar from the current directory (current directory) to $ HOME / usr / local / bin / composer 2: composer Renaming .phar to composer.

Check the version of Composer.

composer -v

Composer version 1.10.7 2020-06-03 10:03:56

④ Install laravel & create a project

Download the laravel installer using Composer.

composer global require "laravel/installer"

As soon as the download is complete, add the following line to your .bashrc and put it in the Composer vendor / bin directory.


export PATH="$PATH:$HOME/.config/composer/vendor/bin"

After passing the path, move to the directory for the project and execute the laravel new command to create the laravel project.

mkdir laravel_sample
cd laravel_sample
laravel new sample_app
Package manifest generated successfully.
Application ready! Build something amazing.

Various messages will be displayed, but if this message is displayed on the last two lines, there is no problem.

Finally, check if you can display the initial page of laravel. In laravel, you can perform various operations with the php artisan command.

In Ruby on Rails, the rails command is used for operation, but I want to be careful not to execute the laravel command in the same way.

cd sample_app
php artisan serve

When you access localhost: 8000 ...

スクリーンショット (9).png

It was displayed normally.

Reference material

Laravel - The PHP Framework For Web Artisans Composer Install 7.x Laravel

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