How to create a USB that Linux and Win10 installer and winpe can boot UEFI


The first article.

Main subject

If you have only one Win machine in your house, you have to make two USBs, and if the Win machine breaks for some reason, you have to fix it. ex. I broke the boot area


Win10 and Ubuntu dual boot You can do it only on Linux, but since install.wim is 4GB or more, Takes up storage space

Get iso You can get past Winiso from here You can also get the latest version of the iso from the Media creation tool.

Shrink /source/install.wim

You can skip this step if you downloaded it with the Mediacreation tool </ b>

Dism /Get-WimInfo /WimFile:D:\sources\install.wim
Dism /Get-WimInfo /WimFile:{ESD file path} or {WIM file path}

Then the edition number will come out, so make a note of it.

Dism /Export-Image /SourceImageFile:{ESD file path} /SourceIndex:{Index number} /DestinationImageFile:{WIM file path} /Compress:max /CheckIntegrity

Please change the extension to .wim or .esd as appropriate.

grub-install Create a fat32 partition of at least 100MB

mount /dev/100MB partition/mnt
mkdir /mnt/boot
grub-install --target=x86_64-efi --efi-directory=/mnt --boot-directory=/mnt/boot --removable --recheck

grub version 2.04 bug

grub version 2.04 cannot chainload iso Overwrite /efi/* with 2.02 .efi I extracted from lubuntu 18.04 iso

How to partition

スクリーンショット_2020-06-22_12-55-41.png The partition that stores the ISO must be fat32 /GRUB/boot/grub/grub.cfg

touch /USB_mountpoint/boot/grub/grub.cfg


insmod all_video
insmod fat
insmod ntfs

if [ x$feature_platform_search_hint = xy ]; then
   	search --no-floppy --fs-uuid --set=root  XXXX-XXXX #ISO partition UUID
   	search --no-floppy --fs-uuid --set=root XXXX-XXXX #ISO partition UUID

# System shutdown
menuentry "System shutdown" {
	echo "System shutting down..."

# System restart
menuentry "System restart" {
	echo "System rebooting..."

# Firmware setup
menuentry "Firmware setup" {

# Xubuntu
menuentry '[loopback]xubuntu-20.04-desktop-amd64' {
	set isofile='/iso/xubuntu-20.04-desktop-amd64.iso'
    loopback loop $isofile
    linux (loop)/casper/vmlinuz boot=casper iso-scan/filename=$isofile
    initrd (loop)/casper/initrd

# Kail Linux
menuentry "[loopback]kali-linux-2019.4-lxde-amd64" {
	set isofile='/iso/kali-linux-2019.4-lxde-amd64.iso'
	loopback loop $isofile
	linux (loop)/live/vmlinuz boot=live findiso=$isofile noconfig=sudo username=root hostname=kali
	initrd (loop)/live/initrd.img

# Ubuntu Server
menuentry '[loopback]ubuntu-20.04-live-server-amd64' {
    set isofile='/iso/ubuntu-20.04-live-server-amd64.iso'
    loopback loop $isofile
    linux (loop)/casper/vmlinuz boot=casper iso-scan/filename=$isofile
    initrd (loop)/casper/initrd

# WinPE
menuentry '[chain]Hiren’s BootCD PE' {
	insmod chain
    if [ x$feature_platform_search_hint = xy ]; then
   	    search --no-floppy --fs-uuid --set=root  XXXXXXXXXXXXXX #WinPE partition UUID
   	    search --no-floppy --fs-uuid --set=root XXXXXXXXXXXXXX #WinPE partition UUID
        chainloader /EFI/Boot/bootx64.efi #bootx64.efi PATH

# Win10
menuentry '[chain]Win10_1909_Japanese_x64' {
	insmod chain
    if [ x$feature_platform_search_hint = xy ]; then
   	    search --no-floppy --fs-uuid --set=root  XXXXXXXXXXXXXX #Win Installer partition UUID
   	    search --no-floppy --fs-uuid --set=root XXXXXXXXXXXXXX #Win Installer partition UUID
        chainloader /efi/boot/bootx64.efi #bootx64.efi PATH

Get partition UUID

lsblk -f /dev/sda
lsblk -f | grep MOUNT_POINT


At the end

Thank you for reading such a hard-to-read article

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