[LINUX] When I try to make Apache SSL, it doesn't start.

1.First of all

When I set the SSL self-signed certificate in Apache, there was a clogged part, so I will leave it as a memorandum.

2. Creating a certificate

First, issue a certificate with the following command.

openssl ecparam -name prime256v1 -genkey -out server.key
openssl req -new -key server.key > server.csr
openssl ca -in server.csr -out server.crt

Move the created certificate and private key.

mv server.crt /etc/httpd/conf/ssl.crt/server.crt
mv server.key /etc/httpd/conf/ssl.key/server.key

3. Change settings

Specify the storage location of the certificate and private key.

vi /etc/httpd/conf.d/ssl.conf
<VirtualHost *:443>
#   Server Certificate:
# Point SSLCertificateFile at a PEM encoded certificate.  If
# the certificate is encrypted, then you will be prompted for a
# pass phrase.  Note that a kill -HUP will prompt again.  A new
# certificate can be generated using the genkey(1) command.
#SSLCertificateFile /etc/pki/tls/certs/localhost.crt
SSLCertificateFile /etc/httpd/conf/ssl.crt/server.crt

#   Server Private Key:
#   If the key is not combined with the certificate, use this
#   directive to point at the key file.  Keep in mind that if
#   you've both a RSA and a DSA private key you can configure
#   both in parallel (to also allow the use of DSA ciphers, etc.)
#SSLCertificateKeyFile /etc/pki/tls/private/localhost.key
SSLCertificateKeyFile /etc/httpd/conf/ssl.key/server.key

4. Restart Apache

An error occurs when restarting.

systemctl restart httpd.service
Job for httpd.service failed because the control process exited with error code. See "systemctl status httpd.service" and "journalctl -xe" for details.

Looking at journalctl -xe gives no information. .. .. Checking / var / log / httpd / error_log gives a Permission related error. Apparently SELINUX is bad.


[Thu Apr 02 10:02:29.534751 2020] [ssl:emerg] [pid 19565] AH02312: Fatal error initialising mod_ssl, exiting.
[Thu Apr 02 10:02:33.453638 2020] [core:notice] [pid 19576] SELinux policy enabled; httpd running as context system_u:system_r:httpd_t:s0
[Thu Apr 02 10:02:33.455370 2020] [suexec:notice] [pid 19576] AH01232: suEXEC mechanism enabled (wrapper: /usr/sbin/suexec)
[Thu Apr 02 10:02:33.455600 2020] [ssl:emerg] [pid 19576](13)Permission denied: AH02201: Init: Can't open server certificate file /etc/httpd/conf/ssl.crt/wild_server.crt

After investigating, it seems that SELinux's security policy does not give each file an appropriate label. You can check the label with the "ll -Z" command.

[root@149_centos ssl.key]# ll -Z
-rwxrwxrwx. hoge hoge unconfined_u:object_r:user_home_t:s0 wild_server.key

Relabel this with the "restorecon" command.

[root@149_centos ssl.key]# restorecon wild_server.key
[root@149_centos ssl.key]#
[root@149_centos ssl.key]# ll -Z
-rwxrwxrwx. hoge hoge unconfined_u:object_r:httpd_config_t:s0 wild_server.key

As a result, it restarted normally with the "systemctl restart httpd.service" command, and SSL was established.

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