[Linux] Why do I, an infrastructure engineer, not use the "hostname" command?

Introduction

I would like to write about the reason why I basically do not use the "hostname" command because I have experience from Linux operation monitoring to design and construction.

Target OS this time

Linux OS in general (RHEL / CentOS / Solaris, etc.)

What is the "hostname" command in the first place?

This command confirms the host name of the Linux OS.

The usage is like this.

hostname


[[email protected]GitBucket-sv ~]# hostname
GitBucket-sv
[[email protected] ~]#

In this way, it is a command that can confirm the host name.

For details, please see the explanation on this site. [Hostage] command-display / set the host name

Why not use it basically?

** This is because the host name may be changed due to incorrect input. ** **

Here is an example of incorrect input.

typo


[Command input]
[[email protected] ~]# hostname i

[Host name confirmation]
[[email protected] ~]# hostname
i
[[email protected] ~]#

In this way, the host name itself will change. (In the above case, the host name is "i".)

By the way, hostname -i is a command to check the IP address of the server.

IP address confirmation


[[email protected] ~]# hostname -i
fe80::250:56ff:fe8c:2091%ens192 2404:7a80:91a1:4d00:250:56ff:fe8c:2091%2 192.168.0.150
[[email protected] ~]#

** In this way, it is possible to change the host name due to incorrect input, so basically it is not recommended to use it. ** **

Then, what command should be used to confirm the host name?

The ʻuname -n` command is recommended.

Here is an example of execution.

Execution example


[[email protected] ~]# uname -n
GitBucket-sv
[[email protected] ~]#

There is no problem if you make a mistake.

Example of incorrect input


[[email protected] ~]# uname n
uname:Extra operator`n'
Try 'uname --help' for more information.
[[email protected] ~]#

As you can see, the error is displayed.

If you want to know more about the ʻuname` command, please see the explanation on this site. uname command (displays OS or hardware information)

Summary

It is safe to refrain from using the hostname command when checking the host name. → There is a possibility that the host name will be changed by mistake.

When checking the host name, it is safer to check with the ʻuname -n` command. → There is no risk of changing the host name

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