A Web 3-tier application is an application that divides the components of a Web system into three layers, a presentation layer, an application layer, and a data layer, and designs them as independent modules.
A server like an entrance that first receives an HTTP request from a client. Returns a response here. Passes static files (hmtl, css, js, image files). If dynamic processing is required, AP server Request processing to. Chrome and Firefox are in charge.
Example) Apache, Nginx, IIS (Internet Information Services), etc.
The server where the program is located. In response to a request from the Web server, the process is returned to the Web server or data is requested from the DB server.
Example) Tomcat, GlassFish, Gunicorn, Unicorn, etc.
-** DB server **: A server that writes, retrieves, and updates data from storage using SQL in response to an AP server request, and passes the data.
Example) Oracle, PostgreSQL, etc.
Web API API = Application Programming Interface. A method for operating a web service from programming. The web API passes only data (JSON, XML) to the application as a response to a request from a client. After ** RESTful ** was proposed in Ruby on Rails , RSETful API gets a lot of attention.
A structure in which the Web server and AP server are integrated. However, recent websites basically have a three-layer structure.
WSGI Web applications such as ** Django ** and ** Flask **, which are Python web frameworks, can be found in WSGI (Web Server Gateway Interface). Designed according to it (called a WSGI application). In each of the Python web frameworks, the interface for connecting the web server and the web application was independent, so there was a problem that the servers that could be used were limited. To solve this problem, the web application in Python We have established a standard specification for connecting to a Web server. That is WSGI.
--Monitoring server: Server that monitors the status of the server --Job server: Server that manages jobs
What is a server? Types of servers in WEB 3-layer structure Start a web server using Bottle and Flask (I also tried using Apache) What is a WSGI application? From web framework to WSGI server Web Server Gateway Interface