[LINUX] Describe the multi-stage ssh destination in the config, log in easily, and copy the file with scp


When sshing to a linux server, if you are in an environment where you cannot access from the outside, you will often log in via the bastion server.

It is troublesome to log in via the stepping stone by entering the following command every time, and it may cause trouble to mistake which server you are working on, so describe the login destination server in the ssh config. It is convenient. ssh -i "xxxxxxx.pem" [email protected]


This is the case of sshing in 3 steps like local terminal → bastion → bastion-2 → internal-server. Describe as follows in .ssh / config.

Host bastion
  HostName bastion.com
  User user
  IdentityFile ~/.ssh/id_rsa

Host bastion-2
  User user
  IdentityFile ~/.ssh/id_rsa
  ProxyCommand ssh -CW %h:%p bastion 2> /dev/null

Host internal-server
  User internal-user
  IdentityFile ~/.ssh/internal-server.pem
  ProxyCommand ssh -CW %h:%p bastion-2 2> /dev/null

In this example, IdentityFile is specified, but please be careful about the permissions because all IdentityFiles must be stored on the local terminal. To specify ProxyCommand, ssh the original connection destination host% h (internal-server) and its port % p via bastion-2, and output the standard error to the file" / dev. The operation is to write to "/ null".


In the above case, you can log in to the internal-server directly from the local terminal just by writing ssh internal-server.

Also, by writing scp internal-server: ./Copy source/* / Users / Copy destination, you can copy files to internal-server at once (in this case, copy from internal-server to local terminal). I can.

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