Create a permanent write area on Kali Linux with USB memory boot

Create a persistent write area on USB-booted Kali Linux.

Get Kali Linux

Obtained from Kali Linux Downloads

reference) Key correspondence table that seems to be the minimum necessary until the Japanese input environment is prepared

Key you want to enter Keys to operate
_ shift + =
= ^
" shift + :

Write a Kali Linux ISO image to a USB stick

[email protected] ~ % diskutil list
/dev/disk0 (internal, physical):
   #:                       TYPE NAME                    SIZE       IDENTIFIER
   0:      GUID_partition_scheme                        *121.3 GB   disk0
   1:                        EFI EFI                     314.6 MB   disk0s1
   2:                 Apple_APFS Container disk2         121.0 GB   disk0s2

/dev/disk1 (internal, physical):
   #:                       TYPE NAME                    SIZE       IDENTIFIER
   0:      GUID_partition_scheme                        *2.0 TB     disk1
   1:                        EFI EFI                     209.7 MB   disk1s1
   2:                 Apple_APFS Container disk2         2.0 TB     disk1s2

/dev/disk2 (synthesized):
   #:                       TYPE NAME                    SIZE       IDENTIFIER
   0:      APFS Container Scheme -                      +2.1 TB     disk2
                                 Physical Stores disk0s2, disk1s2
   1:                APFS Volume Macintosh HD - Data     147.0 GB   disk2s1
   2:                APFS Volume Preboot                 83.3 MB    disk2s2
   3:                APFS Volume Recovery                528.1 MB   disk2s3
   4:                APFS Volume VM                      2.1 GB     disk2s4
   5:                APFS Volume Macintosh HD            11.1 GB    disk2s5

/dev/disk3 (external, physical):
   #:                       TYPE NAME                    SIZE       IDENTIFIER
   0:      GUID_partition_scheme                        *480.1 GB   disk3
   1:                        EFI EFI                     209.7 MB   disk3s1
   2:Microsoft Basic Data Volume 479.9 GB   disk3s2

/dev/disk4 (external, physical):
   #:                       TYPE NAME                    SIZE       IDENTIFIER
   0:     FDisk_partition_scheme                        *63.9 GB    disk4
   1:             Windows_FAT_32 UBUNTU 17_1             63.9 GB    disk4s1

[email protected] ~ % 
[email protected] ~ % diskutil unmountDisk /dev/disk4
Unmount of all volumes on disk4 was successful
[email protected] ~ % 
[email protected] ~ % sudo dd bs=4m if=/Users/kichise/ISO/kali-linux-2020.1b-live-amd64.iso of=/dev/rdisk4
Password:
686+1 records in
686+1 records out
2881105920 bytes transferred in 80.742329 secs (35682720 bytes/sec)
[email protected] ~ % 

Create a storage area on the Kali Linux LIVE USB memory

Check partition configuration

[email protected]:~$ sudo bash
[email protected]:/home/kali# fdisk -l
Disk /dev/sda: 476.96 GiB, 512110190592 bytes, 1000215216 sectors
Disk model: Micron_1100_MTFD
Units: sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
Disklabel type: gpt
Disk identifier: 21FEB3FE-999E-4B40-954F-7A3B728755CF

Device         Start        End   Sectors   Size Type
/dev/sda1       2048    2099199   2097152     1G EFI System
/dev/sda2    2099200    2361343    262144   128M Microsoft reserved
/dev/sda3    2361344  993923071 991561728 472.8G Microsoft basic data
/dev/sda4  993923072 1000214527   6291456     3G Windows recovery environme


Disk /dev/sdb: 59.49 GiB, 63864307712 bytes, 124734976 sectors
Disk model: Flash Drive     
Units: sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
Disklabel type: dos
Disk identifier: 0x2259da88

Device     Boot   Start     End Sectors  Size Id Type
/dev/sdb1  *         64 5625087 5625024  2.7G 17 Hidden HPFS/NTFS
/dev/sdb2       5625088 5626559    1472  736K  1 FAT12


Disk /dev/loop0: 2.4 GiB, 2565337088 bytes, 5010424 sectors
Units: sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 512 bytes / 512 bytes

Create partition

Officially, there was a way to use parted, but I found it difficult, so I used fdisk.

[email protected]:/home/kali# fdisk /dev/sdb

Welcome to fdisk (util-linux 2.34).                                        
Changes will remain in memory only, until you decide to write them.        
Be careful before using the write command.


Command (m for help): p
Disk /dev/sdb: 59.49 GiB, 63864307712 bytes, 124734976 sectors
Disk model: Flash Drive     
Units: sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
Disklabel type: dos
Disk identifier: 0x2259da88

Device     Boot   Start     End Sectors  Size Id Type
/dev/sdb1  *         64 5625087 5625024  2.7G 17 Hidden HPFS/NTFS
/dev/sdb2       5625088 5626559    1472  736K  1 FAT12

Command (m for help): n
Partition type
   p   primary (2 primary, 0 extended, 2 free)
   e   extended (container for logical partitions)
Select (default p): p
Partition number (3,4, default 3): 
First sector (5626560-124734975, default 5627904): 
Last sector, +/-sectors or +/-size{K,M,G,T,P} (5627904-124734975, default 124734975): 

Created a new partition 3 of type 'Linux' and of size 56.8 GiB.

Command (m for help): w
The partition table has been altered.
Syncing disks.

[email protected]:/home/kali# 

Format & with label

Create a file system labeled persistence. The official procedure was to create the file system and label it separately, Since Label was specified when creating the file system, the procedure was as follows.

[email protected]:/home/kali# mkfs.ext3 -L persistence /dev/sdb3
mke2fs 1.45.5 (07-Jan-2020)
Creating filesystem with 14888384 4k blocks and 3727360 inodes
Filesystem UUID: 56fabebf-14fa-476c-be98-39a718351bd2
Superblock backups stored on blocks: 
        32768, 98304, 163840, 229376, 294912, 819200, 884736, 1605632, 2654208, 
        4096000, 7962624, 11239424

Allocating group tables: done                            
Writing inode tables: done                            
Creating journal (65536 blocks): done
Writing superblocks and filesystem accounting information: done   

[email protected]:/home/kali# e2label /dev/sdb3
persistence
[email protected]:/home/kali# 

Create persistence configuration file

[email protected]:/home/kali# mkdir -p /mnt/my_usb
[email protected]:/home/kali# mount /dev/sdb3 /mnt/my_usb/
[email protected]:/home/kali# echo "/ union" > /mnt/my_usb/persistence.conf
[email protected]:/home/kali# umount /mnt/my_usb/
[email protected]:/home/kali# 

Reboot

When using the storage area, from ** "Kali Linux Boot Menu" ** when booting from USB ** Select "Live system (persistence, check kali.org/prst)" **.

Japanese input support

After creating the storage area, restart Kali Linux before executing.

ibus-anthy installation

[email protected]:~$ sudo apt install ibus-anthy

IBus Input Method settings

This is a GUI setting. I intend to represent the menu hierarchy. .. ..

Settings -> IBus Preferences
 Input Method
  Add Japanese Anthy

Select the added Japanese Anthy and click Preferences
Setup-IBus-Anthy
 Typing Method
   Keyboard Layout
Change to jp

Right-click the Input method icon and execute restart Switching between Japanese input and direct input is done in half-width / full-width.

I also made the following settings, but they may not be necessary.

Keyboard
 Add Japanese(OADG 109A)
 move up Japanese Layout to first

TIME ZONE setting

Since TIMEZONE is UTC, I changed it to Asia / Tokyo. But setting RTC in local TZ to yes makes me angry. Moreover, it doesn't work as expected.

[email protected]:/home/kali# timedatectl set-timezone Asia/Tokyo
[email protected]:/home/kali# timedatectl set-local-rtc 1
[email protected]:/home/kali# timedatectl 
               Local time: Thu 2020-03-26 22:57:38 JST
           Universal time: Thu 2020-03-26 13:57:38 UTC
                 RTC time: Thu 2020-03-26 22:57:38
                Time zone: Asia/Tokyo (JST, +0900)
System clock synchronized: no
              NTP service: inactive
          RTC in local TZ: yes

Warning: The system is configured to read the RTC time in the local time zone.
         This mode cannot be fully supported. It will create various problems
         with time zone changes and daylight saving time adjustments. The RTC
         time is never updated, it relies on external facilities to maintain it.
         If at all possible, use RTC in UTC by calling
         'timedatectl set-local-rtc 0'.
[email protected]:/home/kali#

[email protected]:~$ sudo timedatectl set-local-rtc 0
[email protected]:~$ sudo hwclock --hctosys --local
[email protected]:~$ timedatectl 
               Local time: Thu 2020-03-26 14:32:31 JST
           Universal time: Thu 2020-03-26 05:32:31 UTC
                 RTC time: Thu 2020-03-26 14:32:31
                Time zone: Asia/Tokyo (JST, +0900)
System clock synchronized: no
              NTP service: inactive
          RTC in local TZ: no
[email protected]:~$ 

reference

Reference URL when creating a permanent write area: Create writable space (kali.org: Adding Persistence to a Kali Linux "Live" USB Drive)

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